This episode covers some of the major events of Christian and Roman history between about 330 AD until 600 AD. Dave talks about the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the persecution of Paganism, and the steady rise of the Bishop of Rome (who would later hold the title of Pope). 

 

Transcript of this episode and possibly additional notes on our website: [We’ll put a link here once we’ve published it]

More on the Council of Ephesus: http://bit.ly/2Iay3lP 

More on the Council of Chalcedon: http://bit.ly/2waVJUo 

More on the First Council of Constantinople: http://bit.ly/32bZMeU 

More on the Second Council of Constantinople: http://bit.ly/3cd2Zzy 

More on the fall of the Western Empire: http://bit.ly/382BsNU 

Even more on the fall of the Western Empire: http://bit.ly/3adoyOJ 

History of the title, “Pope”: http://bit.ly/2vu6iSv / http://bit.ly/2TvJfhO / http://bit.ly/2PNV1TN 

Some info on the development of the papacy: http://bit.ly/3a8jYB0 

The problem of jurisdictional authority in the early church: http://bit.ly/2vGNW0j 

Papal supremacy developed over time? http://bit.ly/39Om1dm 

More on the development of papal supremacy: http://bit.ly/3bTRxbG 

Read the Canons of the First Council of Constantinople: http://bit.ly/2HWk2I7 

Some key events from 4th century Christianity: http://bit.ly/3bNINE2 

More info on the rise of Christianity: http://bit.ly/39SgTVL 

More on Emperor Julian “the Apostate”: http://bit.ly/2VatDTq 

More on Emperor Jovian (who I didn’t mention in the episode): http://bit.ly/39RPnYk 

Pagan temples raided to build Constantinople?: http://bit.ly/2Ph2QRQ 

Complete chronological list of Roman Emperors: http://bit.ly/2um52QM 

Bishop of Rome gaining secular authority: http://bit.ly/2HM6qPw / http://bit.ly/37NX1ll

Source for the quote from the Catholic theologian: http://bit.ly/385ggqu  

Is this segment scripted? Yes! Here’s why: https://bit.ly/2Gf3pIS

Watch more Faith and Beliefs videos: https://bit.ly/2BlOxEB

Chat with Dave on Facebook: https://bit.ly/2QQ0HKR

 

NOTES:

 

-Constantinople was built on the location of an older city called Byzantium. Initially, Constantine named the new city “New Rome,” but after his death it was renamed Constantinople, meaning, “City of Constantine.” After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire would come to be known as the Byzantine Empire.

 

-Christians and Pagans blamed each other for the 410 AD sack of Rome. St. Augustine’s book The City of God was meant to be a response to the Pagan accusations and has become a watershed Christian work of literature.

 

-Canon #6 of the Nicene Creed has long been the subject of discussion between Catholics and non-Catholic Christians as it deals with a very important question: Did the Bishop of Rome always have total authority and jurisdiction over the Church and every other bishop of the Church? Interpretations of Canon #6 vary. For example, here is an example of a non-Catholic interpretation: http://bit.ly/395FYfK. And here is a Catholic interpretation: http://bit.ly/2HY5QOS. Feel free to come to your own conclusions.

 

-The First Council of Constantinople named the bishop of Constantinople as the Church’s second most honorable bishop, after the Bishop of Rome, basically for no other reason than the fact that Constantinople was the new center of … everything (Canon #3). But while the Bishop of Rome was probably more influential than any other bishop at this point in history, it’s important to recognize that this canon is not recognizing that the Bishop of Rome has authority over all of Christendom, but that he is simply the most “honorable” bishop. As a side-note: This canon was super-controversial, because it meant that the honor of the bishops of Alexandria/Antioch/Jerusalem was diminished. And, contrary to Constantinople, those cities had played a huge role in the early faith.

 

-Some attribute Attilla the Hun’s removal to the impressiveness/negotiation skills of Bishop Leo I. Some claim Attilla’s army was ravaged by a plague or was threatened by enemies in other areas, and withdrew. It could be a mixture of all of those reasons, or none of them. Information is lacking.