These references to the “East Wind” may lead some to wonder if they have any historical context? Winds from the east are especially destructive in the Middle East and in Mesoamerica.
Biblical writers used the “east wind” as a sign of divine judgment. In Israel, the east wind originates from the Arabian Desert and is insufferably hot and dry, often bringing sand along that can darken the skies and irritate the skin and the eyes.
The Book of Enoch claimed that from the east wind “proceeds extirpation, drought, pestilence, and destruction”.
And in ancient Mesoamerica, the east wind could be a particularly destructive and evil force.
Some Mesoamericans regarded the “east wind” as hot, causing out of control fires in some areas, destroying crops, leading to famine, causing hailstorms, and even bringing locusts.
This threat was meaningful and real. In both the Old World and the New, the “east wind” was recognized as a destructive force that could devastate crops and bring famine, and pestilence. Thus, Abinadi’s warning of an “east wind” was a serious call for the people to repent and turn to the Lord to avoid destruction.
Read more details here: