Insights from the Old Testamentโ€” July Edition

VIDEO: Understanding the Davidic Covenant | 2 Samuel; 1 Kings | Old Testaament


Understanding the Davidic Covenant (Week 26, Part 2/5) 2 Samuel; 1 Kings | June 20-26 – powered by Happy Scribe

Why is Second Samuel Chapter 7 so significant for understanding King David, understanding God, understanding the Bible, and understanding the Messianic expectations?

Let’s talk about that briefly.

Second Samuel, chapter seven. We have what may be turned David’s calling and election made sure. So let’s set the context for two Samuel chapter seven.

David, who has successfully beaten back all the enemies of Israel, there’s peace in the land, and he’s built himself a palace and he’s protected the city of Jerusalem. And he’s looking around and he realizes, you know, I live in a nice home, and yet God himself is living in a tent, this mobile tent, this tabernacle that the Israelites had throughout the wilderness, that God had given them, and it’s now been in Shiloh.

Shouldn’t we build a temple for God, a permanent structure?

So David wants to build a temple to God, and he talks to Nathan about it.

And it’s interesting, what we have is something opposite. God comes to David and says, instead of you building me a house, I’m.

Going to build you a house. And it’s the same word in Hebrew.

In one sense it means a physical structure or temple.

In other sense it actually means a dynasty. So whereas David wanted to give God a permanent dwelling place, a fixed structure.

Called a temple, god ends up promising David and his posterity a never ending.

Dynasty, which is where Jesus comes in.

Now, I’ll point out that the word.

Anointed in Hebrew is Messiah, or Greek, the word is Christ. And so Jesus is the anointed king.

The anointed Messiah, the one who has.

Been anointed by God to rule and reign.

And we get this promise in Two.

Samuel chapter seven, that God will always.

Have a member of the Davidic family.

Be on the throne. That’s what God promised.

Let’s take a look at what he.

Said here verse twelve. God says to David, and when thy.

Days be fulfilled, and that’s shalt sleep.

Or die with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bows, and I will establish his kingdom. And he is referring to Solomon, David’s son.

He shall build a house for My.

Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he.

Shall be my son. If he committed iniquity, I will chasten.

Him with the rod of men and with the stripes of the children of men.

But my mercy shall not depart away.

From him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

And thine house of thy kingdom shall.

Be established forever before thee, and thy throne shall be established forever. This is crucial because in the Old.

Testament there are two covenants that structure.

So much of what’s happening in the narrative. The first one is the Abrahamic covenant.

Where God comes to Abraham and makes some significant eternal promises to Abraham and.

All of Abraham’s posterity. Now, david gets a similar promise from God right here. And it follows a similar structure where.

God is covenantly and legally binding Himself to do something for these two faithful.

Men, abraham and Genesis, David here, and two Samuel, and for their posterity. As the children of Abraham, we all benefit the promises that God gave to Abraham of property, posterity, priesthood, prosperity. With David.

We all benefit because God has promised.

That there will be a Messiah, that there will be a divided King, that the dividend kingship will endure forever.

And we benefit because the fulfillment of.

That is Jesus Himself. He is the David son, many generations after David, who is the chosen Messiah, who is the King for all of us, for all time. So this covenant pattern in the ancient.

World is called a royal grant.

And let me just read to you.

A bit about how that works. A King or a God will grant land or some other benefit to a.

Loyal servant for faithful or exceptional service.

The grant was normally perpetual and unconditional.

But the servant’s heirs benefited from it only as they continued their father’s loyalty and service.

So this world Brandt covenant is contrasted.

With what is called a souzerain vassal treaty covenant, like we have with Moses and the people in God at Mount.

Sinai, where God says, I’ve done all.

These great things for you, saving you out of Egypt, I’ve been loyal to you.

I now have a list of ten.

Stipulations for you to show love and loyalty back to me. And if you want to be in.

Peace and prosperity in the land, you.

Have to be loyal to me by living these stipulations.

In contrast, a royal grant is after.

Long term faithful service.

God says, because of your faithfulness, I’m.

Going to do these things for you.

A royal grant is God giving a covenant to people. And in the other covenant, it’s us covenant with God to do things for.

God because of his faithfulness to us. So it’s kind of an inverted relationship.

These two covenant patterns are crucial for.

Understanding the Bible, because we have these.

Two significant royal grant covenants, abraham and.

David, where these long term enduring promises are made. And then on the flip side, all of us are asked to show our.

Faithfulness back to God so that we can have full access to what he.

Is eternally promised to two of his most faithful servants.

So wherever you’re at in your life, you can be faithful to God and you can get access to the David covenant, because you get access to Jesus and to the Abrahamic Covenant.

As a child of Abraham, you get.

The peace and prosperity that God offers.

Offers to all those who are beating it to Him. And that promise will endure through the ages for you, even right now.

Come Follow Me 2022 LDS (June 20-26) 2 Samuel 5-12 & 1 Kings 1-11 | Look to the Lord – powered by Happy Scribe

Once upon a time, there was a young boy who loved his sheep and loved his music. Nobody really knew him outside his small town, but after an unexpected visit from God’s prophet Boom, his life life was changed forever. And his name is the most commonly used one in the King James version of the Bible. This is the story of David growing up. David is humble, quickly, obedient, and always looks to God for guidance. So the Lord continually strengthens him. For example, one day while watching his walk, a bear comes out of nowhere and attacks his sheep. But with the Lord, David courageously rescues his lands and kills the bear. With this same faith, David later rescues Israel from the Philistines by slaying Goliath. Now after this kingsal makes David one of his closest aides. And David, with the Lord’s help, is wildly successful, winning victory after victory and goes viral. However, Saul, pretty much used to being the ghost, becomes insanely jealous. So he starts chucking javelins at David. What? Fortunately, his aim is pretty bad. Later, he even tries to have him killed in battle. Foreshadowing and Saul’s illogical hatred sends David into hiding.

For many years, while on the run, David’s given Goliath’s sword by a himalaya the priest, and still with the Lord’s help, is victorious in every battle. Saul and his sons, however, aren’t so lucky and are killed by the Philistines. Their deaths break David’s heart and the Lord leads him to Judea, where he’s made king at only 30 years old. And by 37, he’s united and transformed Israel into one nation, becoming its greatest king. Now, as king, David shows his true greatness by seeking to take care of Saul’s posterity, but only finds one grandson of Saul still alive a poor crippled man named Mafibe. So Mifibichev can’t walk as both of his feet were broken as a child while fleeing after Saul was killed, placed before King David, mafibusev immediately bought himself flat, probably scared for his life. But David says not to worry, explaining I’m restoring everything that was Sauls to you.

Oh, and I’d like you to always.

Eat at my table, totally flabbergasted. Miffed stammers. Why me? Such a dead dog as I am? But David doesn’t care if Mafibe is considered among the lowest and loves him as he did Saul and Jonathan. After all, wasn’t he once himself a lowly sheep herder? And David grew great, and the Lord was with him as long as he always looks to the Lord. Now, wouldn’t it be nice to just end the story here? Oh, you bet you. Unfortunately, there’s a time when David didn’t accompany his army to battle and finds himself in a compromising situation. Sauntering across his rooftop, he looks down from his great palace and sees Bathsheba bathing. Okay, look, we don’t know how long David was struggling to diligently look upward. But here and now, his defenses fall as he pursues her and sins against God. Worst of all. Instead of immediately looking upward for forgiveness and heavenly grace, he desperately tries to secretly fix his mistake by having Bathsheba’s husband, Uriah sent to the battlefront to be killed. And with Uriah dead, David marries Bathsheba, perhaps breathing an uneasy sigh of relief because he thinks he’s fooled everyone. David happily welcomes in Nathan, the Prophet, who pops in for a visit.

And the prophet proceeds to tell David a sad, true story of two men, one rich and one poor.

Nathan says this rich man had tons of flocks and herds, but the poor man had only one little lamb that he’d raised with his children, would eat from his own plate, drink from his own cup, and would even sometimes adorably, fall asleep on his chest. Ah, but one night, when the rich man entertained a traveler, instead of taking from his own flock, he took and killed the poor man’s lamb for dinner.

Furious, David shouts, this rich man must pay. Nathan then calmly looks David in the eye and softly says, david, thou art the man. And with a sudden, stinging realization of his own tragic mistake, david completely breaks down in sinful sorrow and seeks forgiveness for the rest of his life. Now, despite losing phenomenal blessings and protections because he broke his covenant with God, david’s life wasn’t Oliver, nor did the Lord completely forsake him. Instead, David worked with Nathan to help him acknowledge his sins and repent. Just like God gives us loving church leaders to help us in our hours of deepest regret, remorse, and despair. Finally, years later, as David lies on his deathbed, his wicked son Adinaya conspires to become the next king. Bathsheba reminds David of his promise to have their son Solomon succeed him as king. And in a burst of heavenly strength, david sits up and clearly instructs Nathan to take Solomon to Gihan and anoint him as king. Then, foreshadowing Jesus’own triumphal entry, solomon rides King David’s mule down the Kidron Valley into Jerusalem, accompanied by blasting trumpets and people shouting. Now, we know Solomon is subsequently blessed with the greatest judgment, wisdom, and riches above all other kings.

But like David, it doesn’t end well when Solomon two stops looking upward to the Lord. Nonetheless, the Lord still keeps his promised blessings to David’s posterity, just as he will with each of us, as we continually seek after him. Next, we’ll see the prophet Elijah take on the wicked priests of Baal.

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